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In this study, it was aimed to examine the relationship between the problem behaviors exhibited by preschool children in terms of the parental gender, age, education level, perceived income level, the age of the child, and the number of siblings. For this purpose, the research adopted the scanning pattern in the relational screening model. The participants of the study were composed of 4-6 years of children living in Istanbul, Turkey using convenience sampling method. The data were collected online via the Participation Acceptance Form, General Information Form, and Strengths and Challenges Questionnaire (SCQ) in 2020-2021 school year. The data about the participant children were collected through their volunteer parents. The data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS 25 statistical package program. The results revealed that there was a significant relationship between the gender of the parent and social behavior; between educational level and emotional problems; between perceived income level and social behavior, between attention deficit and hyperactivity, amongst peer problems, emotional problems and behavioral problems; whereas there was no significant relationship between parental age and child problem behaviors. Although a significant relationship was not observed between the number of siblings and problem behaviors of the children, a significant relationship was found between the children's age and peer problems.
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