• Denitza A. Charkova Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”, Bulgaria
  • Krassimira Charkova Department of English Philology, Plovdiv University "Paisii Hilendarski"


The present study sought to explore and identify vocabulary learning strategies that lead to the attainment of depth of vocabulary knowledge in a second language.  For the purpose, 110 Bulgarian language learners of English took Qian and Schedl’s (2004) depth of vocabulary knowledge test and completed a related survey. After dividing the sample into a limited knowledge group and a superior knowledge group, the data were analyzed through discriminant function analysis which showed eight vocabulary learning strategies as significantly associated with the superior knowledge group. These strategies were named  linguistically-driven strategies since they involve regular attention to linguistic features, including: paradigmatic associations (synonyms, antonyms), morphological structure (prefixes, roots, and suffixes), syntagmatic associations (collocations) and pronunciation. The results suggest that regular use of linguistically-driven vocabulary learning strategies helps build deep knowledge of second language vocabulary.Keywords: vocabulary learning strategies, depth of vocabulary knowledge, second language  teaching, second language learning 

Author Biographies

Denitza A. Charkova, Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”, Bulgaria
Denitza Charkova is a PhD candidate, currently teaching English language and technology classes in the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics at Plovdiv University. Her research interests lie in the area of second language teaching with a focus on technology-enhanced learning.  
Krassimira Charkova, Department of English Philology, Plovdiv University "Paisii Hilendarski"
Dr. Krassimira Charkova is currently an adjunct lecturer in the Department of English Philology at Plovdiv University. Her interest is in second language teaching, teacher training, and materials development. 


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