CHAOS-COMPLEXITY THEORY AT MANAGEMENT
Internal and external environment where operating continues their activities have a changeable structure continuously. It is stated that operating has to adapt to this structure which causes unexpected, undesirable and sudden results. How operatings behave during this period is stated in chaos-complexity theory. Thus, it is pointed out that organizations can evaluate the environment from not only one perspective but also different perspectives. This study contains three parts. First part involves theoretical information about chaos term. It mentions how some researchers use the chaos term. At the second part, how chaos complexity theory undergoes changes until today is uttered. Moreover, in recent years, the importance of chaos complexity theory from administrative perspective has been mentioned. The last part contains some main features of chaos complexity theory. In this regard, some basic properties like butterfly effect, mutual attachment, edge of chaos and self-organization have been analyzed in this study.
Keywords: chaos, chaos and complexity theory, edge of chaos, eelf-organization, complex adaptive systems.
Allen, M. P. (2001). A complex systems approach to learning in adaptive networks; International Journal of Innovation Management, 5(2), 149-180.
Anderson, P. (1999). Complexity theory and organization science. Organization Science, 10(3), 216-232.
Ashb, W. R. (1962). Principles of the self-organizing system. In H. Von Foerster & G. W. Zopf (Eds.), Principles of self-organization: Transactions of the University of Illinois Symposium (pp. 255-278). London: Pergamon Press.
Baum, J. A. C., & Singh. J. V. (1994). Organizational hierarchies and evolutionary processes: Some reflections on a theory of organizational evolution. In J. A. C. Baum & J. V. Singh (Eds.), Evolutionary dynamics of organizations (pp. 3-22). New York: Oxford University Press.
Byrne, D. (1998). Complexity theory and the social sciences: An introduction. London & New York: Routledge.
Cilliers, P. (1998). Complexity and postmodernism: Understanding complex systems. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
Comfort, L. K. (1994). Self organization in complex systems. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 4(3), 393-410.
Çamlıbel, N. D. (2003). Belirsizlik ortamında planlama düşüncesi ‘sinerjetik toplum - sinerjik yönetim ve sinerjist planlama modeli’. Örnek olay: 17 Ağustos - 12 Kasım 1999 depremleri sonrası kaos ve kendi kendine organizasyon süreci. Yayımlanmış Doktora Tezi, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
Gleick, J. (2000). Kaos (Çev: F. Üçkan). Ankara: Tübitak Popüler Bilim Kitapları.
Goodwin, B. (2001). How the leopard changed its spots: The evolution of complexity, Princeton. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Hayles, N. K. (1990). Chaos bound: Orderly disorder in contemporary literature and science. New York: Corneli University Press.
Holland, H. J. (1992). Complex adaptive systems. American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 121(1), 17-30.
Holland, H. J. (1995). Hidden order: how adaptation builds complexity. Massachusetts: Perseus Books.
Holland, H. J. (1998). Emergence from chaos to order. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kaçmaz, G. (2005). Kaos teorisi ve sosyolojisi: toplumların denetlenmesinde yeni bir adım. Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, İstanbul Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
Koçak, K. (2006). Kaos, fraktal ve atmosfer. Bilim ve Ütopya Dergisi, 149, 10-16.
Kondepudi, D., & Prigogine. I. (1998). Modern termodynamics: From heat engines to dissipative structures. England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Lewin, R., & Regine, B. (2003). The core of adaptive organisations. In E. Mitleton-Kelly (Ed.), Complex systems and evolutionary perspectives on organizations: The application of complexity theory to organisations (pp. 167-184). Netherlends: Pergamon.
Luhmann, N. (1985). A sociological theory of law. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Maturana, H. R., & Varela. F. H. (1980). Autopoiesis and cognition: The realization of the living. Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company.
McCarthy, I., & Gillies, J. (2003). Organisational diversity, configurations and evolution. In E. Mitleton-Kelly (Ed.), Complex systems and evolutionary perspectives on organizations: The application of complexity theory to organisations (pp. 71-98). Netherlends: Pergamon.
McMillan, E. (2004). Complexity, organizations and change. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
Mitleton-Kelly, E. (2003). Ten principles of complexity and enabling infrastructures. In E. Mitleton-Kelly (Ed.), Complex systems and evolutionary perspectives on organizations: The application of complexity theory to organisations (pp. 23-50). Netherlends: Pergamon.
Morgan, G. (1998). Yönetim ve örgüt teorilerinde metafor. İstanbul: MESS Yayınları.
Morrison, K. R. B. (2008). Educational philosophy and the challenge of complexity theory. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 40(1), 19-34.
Öge, S. (2005). Düzen mi düzensizlik (kaos) mi?: Örgütsel varlığın sürdürülebilirliği açısından bir değerlendirme. Selçuk Üniversitesi-İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 13, 285-303.
Prigogine, I. (1987). Exploring complexity. European Journal of Operational Research, 30, 97-107.
Rammel, C. S., & Wilfing. H. (2007). Managing complex adaptive systems – a coevolutionary perspective on natural resource management. Ecological Economics, 63, 9-21.
Sayğan, S. (2014). Örgüt biliminde karmaşıklık teorisi. Ege Akademik Bakış Dergisi, 14(3), 413-423.
Stacey, R., Griffin, D., & Shaw, P. (2000). Complexity and management: Fad or radical challenge to systems thinking. London: Routledge.
Töremen, F. (2000). Kaos teorisi ve eğitim yöneticisinin rolü. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi, 22, 203-219.
Wheatley, J. M. (2006). Leadership and the new science: discovering order in a chaotic world (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Wilding, D. R. (1998). Chaos theory: Implications for supply chain management. International Journal of Logistics Management, 9(1), 43-56.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Prof. Dr. İsmail Hakkı Mirici
Editor in Chief
Faculty of Education
Department of English Language Teaching
06800, Beytepe Ankara, Turkey