SEMANTIC FIELDS AND EFL/ESL TEACHING

  • Gültekin Boran Gazi University Gazi Education Faculty Department of Foreign Language Teaching Program for English Language Teaching

Abstract

The vocabulary of a language is a system of interrelated lexical networks but not a collection of independent items. Vocabulary of a language is organised into fields within which words interrelate and define each other in various ways. Sense relations are not enough to explain the relation between some lexical items. For example, we cannot explain the relation between patient and hospital through synonymy, antonym, hyponymy, polysemy or homonymy, but we can say that they belong to the same semantic field which we can label as ‘health’.  In this paper, semantic field also known as word field, lexical field, field of meaning, and semantic system is explained by giving supporting examples. Besides, some implications for Teaching English as a Foreign Language/Teaching English as a Second Language (TEFL/TESL) are suggested.Key words: Semantic fields, structural semantics, lexical network, lexical field, semantic system

Author Biography

Gültekin Boran, Gazi University Gazi Education Faculty Department of Foreign Language Teaching Program for English Language Teaching
Gültekin Boran received his bachelor’s degree from the ELT program of Gazi Education Faculty of Gazi University, master’s degree from MA TEFL program of Bilkent University and Ph D diploma from the ELT program of the Institute of Social Sciences of Gazi University. He worked as an EFL teacher in secondary schools and as an EFL instructor in various faculties of Gazi University. Gültekin Boran is currently an assistant professor in the ELT program of Gazi Education Faculty of Gazi University. His research interests are micro teaching in EFL teacher training, teaching pronunciation, pragmatics, language learners’ motivation and error analysis in language teaching. 

References

Aichison, J. (1987). Teach Yourself Linguistics. Suffolk: Hodder and

Stoughton Ltd.

Brinton, L. J. & Brinton, D. M. (2010). The Linguistic Structure of Modern

English. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Changhong, G. (2010). The Application of the Semantic Field Theory in

College English Vocabulary Instruction. Chinese Journal of Applied

Linguistics, 33(3), 51-51

Clark, H. H. and Clark, E. V. (1977). Psychology and Language. New

York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.

Crystal, D. (1987). The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Language.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (1991). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. London: T.J.

Press.

Crystal, D. (1992). An Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Language and

Languages. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers

Dyvik, H. (2005. Translations as a semantic knowledge source. In

Proceedings of the Second Baltic Conference on Human Language

Technologies. Tallinn, Estonia, 2005. Retrieved from

http://folk.uib.no/hfohd/TranslHLT.pdf

Graddol, D. et al. (1987). Describing Language. Philadelphia: Open

University Press.

Hurford, J. R., Heasley, B. & Smith, M. B. (2007). Semantics: a course

book. (2nd Ed.).

Nordquist, R. (2017). "Semantic Field Definition." ThoughtCo, Apr. 25,

, Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/semantic-field-

Nordquist, R. (2017). “What is Semantic Field Analysis?” ThoughtCo, Sep.

, 2017 Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/semantic-field-

analysis-1691935

Lexical Semantics (2017, November). English Language and Linguistics

Online.Retrieved from

http://www.ello.uos.de/field.php/Semantics/SemanticsLexicalfields

Palmer, F. R. (1981). Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pan, Q. & Xu, R. (2011). Vocabulary Teaching in English Language

Teaching. Theory

and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 1, No. 11, pp. 1586-1589.

Tanner, R. & Green, R. (1989). Tasks for Teacher Education: A reflective

approach. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd.

Published
2018-04-11
Section
Articles