E-learning uptake among academicians and students in Tanzanian universities

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Simeo Boniphace Kisanjara
Titus M. Tossy
Alfred Said Sife
Simon Samwel Msanjila

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the extent of current e-learning uptake in Tanzanian universities. The quantitative approach involving survey design was adopted in the collection of data. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 400 respondents, with a rate of return 85.5%. The average reliability of variables 0.949 was determined using Cronbach's Alpha. Fuzzy Logic model and t-test were adopted for data analysis. The findings revealed that the average extent of current e-learning uptake among students and academicians were less than half of threshold amounting to 50% (i.e. level of awareness was 16%, availability was 20.6%, accessibility was 17%, attitude was 15% as variables used). There was no statistically significant difference in e-learning uptake among students and academicians as the value of p > 0.05. The findings of this study established a base ground and guidelines to inform the e-learning stakeholders and policymakers to find and establish suitable policy as well as mechanism to adopt and encourage sustainable use of e-learning systems for life-long teaching and learning. The originality of this study is based on the addition of new variables and methodologies employed as empirical evidence based on the extent of e-learning uptake in Tanzanian universities.
 
            Keyword:  ICTs, e-learning uptake, fuzzy logic model, students, academicians

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Author Biographies

Simeo Boniphace Kisanjara, Mzumbe University

A lecturer, Department of Information and Communication Technology,Faculty of Science and Technology, Box 87, Mzumbe University,Morogoro, Tanzania. 

Titus M. Tossy, Mzumbe University

Lecturer,  Department of Information and Communication Technology,Faculty of Science and Technology, Box 87, Mzumbe University,Morogoro, Tanzania

Alfred Said Sife, Moshi Corporative University

A Professor, Deputy Vice Chancellor office, Moshi Coorperative University, Box 474, Moshi.